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Physics development in Morocco

MoroccoThe physics education in secondary schools in Morocco is focused only on theory; the lack of practical work is mainly due to the high price of teaching equipment. Therefore, to improve the quality of Moroccan teaching and to facilitate and approach young physicists to understand the physical phenomena. The USMS PHYSICS Young Minds Section of Beni Mellal has set up several activities during the year 2015-2016 in the context of the transmission of technology to high school students and contribution to several projects that are supervised by the Sultan Moulay Slimane University and other associations. These activities are summarized in the following points:
• Achievements of practical work’s kits based on simple components for high school students, these kits are:
– Light diffraction kit, to visualize the diffraction phenomena and to calculate the wavelength of the monochromatic light. This Kit is mainly composed of a source of monochromatic light, a slot, a screen and a wooden support.
– Kit for calculating the sound speed in air using an ultrasonic sensor (transmitter and receiver), an obstacle and an acquisition card such as ARDUINO.
– A meteorological station for high school students. This station is composed of various types of sensors (temperature, humidity and solar irradiation) to acquire meteorological data.

• Organization of a summer school, entitled: The experimental physic-chemistry of surfaces and interfaces.

As is it was notified in our activity, the young minds section visited several high schools in the Beni Mellal region such as: Mohammed 5 high school, Ibn sina high school and … (joined flyer file)

There was an interesting contact with the youngest students, they discovered a new relation between theoretical concept and easy experimental setup (pictures file). Also their teachers were also much imprisoned with the equipment homemade, low price and giving correct results.

• Participation in the development of solar energy lighting kits for rural areas in agreement with the association Letter of Light and the association Migration and Co-Development Alsace.